Patient Education!

What is PLAQUE?
Dental plaque is a sticky, colorless or pale yellow film that is constantly forming on your teeth.
When saliva, food, and fluids combine plaque – which contains bacteria – forms on and between your teeth. Plaque is the root cause of many oral health issues including an early stage of gum disease called gingivitis and tooth decay. Over time plaque hardens to form calculus.

STAGES of GUM DISEASE
Gingivitis begins when plaque build up on teeth. The bacteria in plaque damage the gum tissue.
Your body tries to fight off this infection with an inflammatory response – sending white blood cells to destroy the bacteria. This inflammation is why your gums bleed easily when you brush or floss.
If untreated, gingivitis will progress to periodontitis. The inflammation and build up of plaque causes your gums to separate from your teeth – forming periodontal pockets.

Over time if not treated periodontitis will advance and the pockets will deepen, eating away at
your jawbone until your teeth become loose and fall out.

DEEP CLEANING TREATMENT
Also referred to as scaling and root planning is when the dentist scrapes away tarter from the root surface and fully cleans the pockets in order allow for healing of the gum. You may also be prescribed an antibacterial rinse to aid in the healing process.

Ghafoor Ghamary D.D.S., M.S.  |   Parisa Tabar D.D.S., M.S.